Table of Contents
Aids Disease, find out about Aids Diseases, causes and factors of Aids illness, symptoms & diagnosis of Aids Diseases.
About Aids disease
AIDS is a chronic, life-threatening disease caused by a virus that causes immune deficiencies in humans (HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus), or in short: HIV. Aids is one of the most common diseases of the circulatory system.
How does HIV work?
HIV / AIDS robs the body of its ability to fight and fight viruses, germs and fungi by infecting the immune system, making the body vulnerable to various diseases. AIDS exposes the human body to certain types of cancer and infections, which the agency could generally fight and overcome, such as pneumonia and meningitis.
The virus and inflammation caused by AIDS are called HIV. The term “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” (or Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) (in short: AIDS) is a definition of AIDS in its more advanced stages. Around 39.5 million people worldwide are infected with HIV today – despite the curbing of AIDS in several countries of the world, but the extent of AIDS is still the same and even increased in other countries.
Symptoms of Aids Disease
The symptoms of AIDS vary from case to case, depending on the ocular stage of AIDS.
Early stages of infection
In the early stages of exposure to HIV, no symptoms or signs of AIDS may appear. Although very common in AIDS is flu-like symptoms, they quickly disappear within two to four weeks from the moment of exposure. Symptoms of AIDS may include:
- High body temperature (fever).
- Headache, throat pain.
- Swelling of the lymph nodes.
- Skin rash.
If someone has exposed to HIV, it is likely to spread the virus to other people (infected with HIV), even if they do not show any of the symptoms of AIDS. Once the virus enters the body, the immune system is vulnerable to attack.
HIV replicates and multiply itself within the lymph nodes, and then begins a slow process of destruction of Lymphocytes T CD4 – the white blood cells responsible for coordinating all the operations and activities of the immune system.
Advanced stages of infection
The patient may not experience any symptoms in the advanced stages of AIDS within one to nine years, and sometimes even more. Meanwhile, HIV continues to multiply and multiply itself as well as systematically destroy the cells of the immune system. At this stage, you may develop some chronic symptoms of AIDS, such as:
- Swollen lymph nodes (often an early sign of HIV infection).
- Weight loss.
- High body temperature (fever).
- Shortness of breath.
The final stages of infection
In the later stages of AIDS symptoms and HIV infection, which are ten years later and more than the first time exposure to HIV, the most severe symptoms of AIDS begin to emerge, and then the contamination can be called AIDS. In 1993, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) developed a new definition of AIDS. This definition states: AIDS considered a disease if the HIV is found in the body (this can be ascertained if the results of tests for the presence of antibodies) to the HIV in the blood) accompanied by one of the following AIDS symptoms:
- Opportunistic infection: Occurs when the immune system is weak or infected, as in the case of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia – PCP (pneumocystis carinii pneumonia – PCP).
- Lymphocytes: CD4 in the blood is 200 or less – the correct value should be between 800 and 1200.
As AIDS develops and worsens, the damage to the immune system intensifies and weakens, making the easy body prey to opportunistic infections.
Symptoms of AIDS and some of these infections include:
- Excessive night sweats.
- Chills or fever above 38 ° C lasts for several weeks.
- Dry cough and shortness of breath.
- Chronic diarrhoea.
- Permanent white dots or strange wounds on the tongue and in the oral cavity.
- Blur or vision disorder.
- Weight loss.
At a more advanced stage of AIDS, additional symptoms, such as:
- Permanent fatigue that is inexplicable.
- Excessive night sweats.
- Chills or fever above 38 ° C lasts for several weeks.
- You have swollen lymph nodes that last for more than three months.
- Chronic diarrhoea.
- Permanent headaches.
HIV infection also increases the risk of certain cancers, especially Kaposi’s sarcoma, laryngeal cancer and lymphoma (Lymphoma) although preventive treatments can reduce the risk of these diseases.
Symptoms of AIDS in children
Symptoms of AIDS include:
- Weight gain problems.
- Growth problems.
- Problems in the BIOS.
- It is slowing mental development.
- Morbidity is severe for common pediatric diseases, such as otitis, pneumonia and tonsillitis.
Causes and factors of Aids Diseases
Typically, white blood cells and antibodies attack and destroy alien organisms that invade the body. This reaction is regulated and coordinated by white blood cells called lymphocytes (CD-Lymphocytes). These lymphocytes are also the central target of HIV, which attacks and penetrates these cells. After the virus has successfully penetrated these cells, it introduces its genetic material into it, thereby replicating itself.
Cloned new AIDS viruses begin to emerge from the host lymphocyte and enter the bloodstream, where they start to search for new cells to attack. Meanwhile, host lymphocytes and adjacent healthy CD4 cells die from the effects of the attacking HIV. This phenomenon is a periodic phenomenon that repeats itself, again and again. In this process, millions of new HIV cells are produced daily. At the end of this process, the number of CD4 cells decreases, until a severe immune deficiency reached, which means the body is unable to resist viruses and pathogens that attack it.
How to get HIV infection
HIV infection can occur in several ways, including:
Sexual intercourse: It is the most important cause of AIDS and can be infected with HIV through vaginal, oral or anal sexual contact with a partner (partner) HIV carrier, when one of these things enter the body: blood, semen or vaginal discharge (from the partner) Or partner). One of the causes of AIDS and HIV infection, also, in the case of the frequent use of sex tools (games) have not been washed and cleaned or not wrapped with a condom (Condom) clean between consumption and the other. The HIV lives in semen or in vaginal discharge that enters the body when having sex, through small wounds or lacerations sometimes found in the vagina or rectum (Rectum – the part of the large intestine between the pelvic colon and the anal canal). If someone is infected with another sexually transmitted disease, they are more susceptible to HIV infection. Contrary to what researchers have thought in the past, even women who use nonpermanent Spermicide 9 are also at risk of contracting HIV. This spermicide alerts the internal mucosa of the vagina, which can cause cracks and ruptures through which HIV can pass into the body.
HIV infection from contaminated blood: In some cases, HIV can be transmitted by blood or blood products, which is given to a person by intravenous injection, which is a common cause of AIDS (intravenous transfusion). Since 1985, hospitals and blood banks in the United States have been testing blood donated to detect any antibodies to the HIV that may be in it. These tests have significantly reduced the risk of HIV exposure from intravenous transport, as well as improved screening and liquidation of donors.
Injection needles: HIV is transmitted efficiently by contaminated needles or injections that have touched infected blood. The use of combined intravenous tools increases the risk of exposure to HIV and other viral diseases, such as hepatitis. The risk of HIV infection increases with increased causes of AIDS, such as intravenous drug use or unprotected sexual intercourse. The best way to prevent HIV infection is to refrain from using intravenous drugs. If this possibility is not available, the risk of disease can be reduced by the use of sterile disposable syringes.
- Accidental needle prick: The probability of transmission of HIV among HIV carriers and medical personnel by accidental needle prick is very low. Specialists tend to estimate the probability by less than 1%.
- Mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Statistics show that about 600,000 young children become infected with HIV each year, both during pregnancy and through breastfeeding. But the risk of developing fetal HIV infection when the mother takes HIV treatment during pregnancy is significantly lower.
In the United States, most women undergo early HIV antibody screening and retroviruses. In developing countries, however, the situation is different, with most women lacking awareness of their health and HIV status, and where HIV treatment opportunities are often very limited or not available at all. When medications are not available, it is preferable to give birth by caesarean section instead of standard vaginal delivery. Other possibilities and alternatives, such as vaginal sterilisation, have not proved effective.
Other ways to transmit HIV infection: There are rare cases where HIV can be transmitted when transplanting organs or tissues, or through dental instruments, if not properly sterilised.
Operations through which HIV cannot be transmitted
For HIV infection to occur, one must enter the body: contaminated blood, contaminated semen, or contaminated vaginal discharge. Hence, HIV infection does not happen through regular daily contact with an HIV-positive person, such as hugging, kissing, dancing or shaking hands. Anyone, of any age, of any race or sexual orientation, can be infected with HIV, but the risk of HIV infection rises when:
- Having unprotected sex with many people. The degree of risk does not differ whether the person has sex with the opposite sex (Heterosexual), the ipsilateral (Homosexual) or the sexes together (Bisexual). Unprotected sexual intercourse means having sexual intercourse without a condom.
- You are having a sexual partner with an HIV-positive partner.
- A person with another contagious sexually transmitted disease, such as syphilis, herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhoea or viral vaginosis.
- Frequent use of multiple injections and needles in intravenous drug use.
- Insufficient amount of CCL3L1 gene to help fight HIV.
- Newborn babies and infants of mothers who are HIV positive, but have not received preventive treatment.
Complications of Aids Disease
Here are the main difficulties that can be caused by AIDS:
The virus is weakened by the immune system, making the person with HIV vulnerable to many contagious diseases caused by germs, viruses, fungi or parasites. The body also becomes susceptible to certain types of cancer. However, treating AIDS with antiretroviral drugs has significantly reduced the number of opportunistic infections and various diseases that attack HIV-infected patients. Today, it can be assumed that these infections will occur in people who have not received any treatment.
Many germs can lead to bacterial pneumonia, which can spontaneously arise from contamination in the lung itself or as a result of inflammation in the upper respiratory tract, due to cold or flu.
Mycobacterium avium complex – MAC
It is a contamination caused by the micro bacteria group, in short, MAC. These pathogens usually cause respiratory infection. However, if HIV contamination has reached its advanced stages and CD4 lymphocyte count falls below 50, it is likely that polycystic pollution, capable of infecting almost any organ of the internal organs, including bone marrow, is expected to arise. Bone marrow – Bone marrow), liver or spleen. MAC contamination causes a range of symptoms, such as high body temperature (fever), night sweats, weight loss, abdominal pain and diarrhoea.
Tuberculosis – TB
Tuberculosis in developing countries is the most widespread opportunistic contamination associated with HIV infection. The disease is the leading cause of death among AIDS patients. Millions of people around the world are infected with both AIDS and tuberculosis, and many experts view the contamination as twin epidemics. This is because there is a fatal symbiotic relationship between AIDS and tuberculosis. People with AIDS are more likely to develop the disease and the risk of HIV transmission from an inert virus to an active virus increases. Besides, tuberculosis increases the frequency and rate of HIV replication.
Not to mention that tuberculosis may attack people living with HIV many years before the emergence of any symptoms that may indicate the HIV infection. The sudden onset of disease – often outside the lungs – is one of the first signs of HIV infection. If tests show that someone is HIV positive, it is recommended that they are tested immediately for TB. If the tuberculosis test result is positive, then a lung imaging and other necessary tests to determine whether tuberculosis is dormant or capable are recommended. If the disease is ineffective, several medical treatments prevent the disease from becoming an active disease. Tuberculosis is a disease of a more significant concern than other opportunistic infections, as it is a highly contagious disease. Of more substantial interest, especially in patients with HIV / AIDS, is a type of drug-resistant TB that cannot be treated with traditional medicines, such as antibiotics.
Salmonella – inflammatory bowel:
This contagious disease transmitted through contaminated water or food. Its symptoms include acute diarrhoea, high body temperature (fever), chills, abdominal pain and sometimes vomiting. Although everyone who is infected with Salmonella is affected, Salmonella is more common in people living with HIV. It is possible to reduce the risk of infection by washing your hands thoroughly after contact with food or animals and paying attention to cooking meat and eggs properly.
Hemangioma (tumour in blood vessels):
This contamination is caused by a virus called Bartonella henselae, whose initial symptoms are purple to red spots appearing on the skin. The symptoms are very similar to those of Kaposi’s sarcoma but can spread to other areas and organs of the body, including the liver and spleen.
Cytomegalovirus – CMV
This common herpes virus is transmitted primarily by body fluids such as saliva, blood, sperm and mother’s milk. A healthy immune system can deactivate this virus, turning it into an inactive body virus. However, when the immune system is weak, the virus becomes active and may cause damage to the eyes, the digestive system, the lungs and other parts of the body. In most cases, CMV causes infections and infections of the retina (CMW retinitis). If untreated in the eye, it may worsen to total blindness.
Symptoms of viral hepatitis include yellowing of the whites of the eye (jaundice – jaundice), fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and diarrhoea. There are several types of viral hepatitis, but three are particularly common: B, A and C. Hepatitis B and C can lead to chronic and persistent contamination, increasing the risk of long-term complications, such as cirrhosis or cirrhosis and liver cancer. If someone is HIV-positive and has been infected with viral hepatitis, then he or she may be at risk of liver poisoning in the future as a result of the drugs he or she will have to take to treat the disease.
Herpes Simplex Virus – HSV
The herpes simplex virus, which often causes the appearance of herpes in the genitals, is transmitted when unprotected or anal sex is functioned. Initial symptoms of the disease include pain, irritation and itching in the genital areas. Then, blisters containing fluids burst and bleed in the genital areas, buttocks and around the anus. Although these wounds usually heal on their own, the virus comes back and appears periodically, causing the same symptoms, over and over again. If someone is HIV-positive, the herpes simplex virus infection is more likely to be more severe and dangerous than in healthy people, and may sometimes require more time to heal. Also, the general symptoms of herpes are likely to be more serious. Although herpes is a life-threatening disease, in severe cases, it can lead to blindness or brain damage.
This virus is one of the most common illnesses among sexually transmitted diseases. Some types of this virus cause the appearance of single warts. Other types of it may cause the appearance of blemishes in the genital area. If someone is HIV-positive, they are more susceptible to HPV infection, as well as an increased risk of recurring infections. Pollution from papillomavirus is particularly dangerous for women because it increases the risk of cervical cancer. The combination of HIV and HPV increases the risk to women considerably. Cervical cancer is found to attack HIV-positive women more seriously and deadly. In 2006, the US Food and Drug Administration approved for the first time the use of the Vaccine vaccine against the most dangerous types of papillomavirus.
This vaccine is substantially effective when administered to girls before they begin sexual intercourse, but it is also productive and effective for young women up to the age of 26 who have had regular sexual intercourse. If this vaccine is not suitable for an HIV-positive woman or unprotected sexual relations with a large number of partners, it is preferable to undergo a cervical cancer screening called the Papanicolaou test once a year. In this test, cells taken from the cervix are screened to rule out the possibility of cervical cancer, papilloma or other sexually transmitted diseases. It is recommended that everyone who has anal sex undergoes a special examination to detect cancer in the anus, as the papillomavirus increases the risk of cancer in both men and women.
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy – PML
Viral encephalitis is an acute inflammation caused by the human polyomavirus (JCV – John cunningham virus). Symptoms and signs of the disease vary, from one condition to another, including difficulties in speaking, weakness on one side of the body, loss of vision in one or both eyes or loss of sensation in one of the limbs Viral meningitis occurs only when the immune system is severely damaged.
Mycosis is one of the most common diseases of AIDS patients. Candidiasis develops a thick white layer above the membrane of the mouth, tongue (a fungus of the mouth and throat), oesophagus (Candida esophagitis) or in the vagina. Symptoms are more severe in children, generally, mainly in the mouth and oesophagus, causing severe pain and difficulties in eating.
Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges (spinal cord and brain envelope – Meninges), a fluid containing and preserving the brain and spinal cord area. Cryptococcal meningitis is an inflammation of the central nervous system and is common in HIV carriers and patients.
This inflammation occurs as a result of a fungus present in the soil. Mushrooms are also present in the secretions of birds and bats. Symptoms include headache, fever, fever, stiff neck and excessive sensitivity to light. Cryptococcal meningitis can be treated with antifungal drugs, but early detection and treatment are the keys to recovery. Meningitis is a severe disease that can cause challenging complications and even death, even within a short period. In the case of cryptococcal meningitis, long-term medication should be taken to ensure that the disease does not recur in the future.
PCP – Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
Although antiretroviral therapy has been shown to reduce the number of patients with PCP pneumonia, it remains one of the most prevalent diseases among HIV carriers and patients in the United States. This inflammation affects the lungs, causing shortness of breath. Symptoms include persistent cough, high fever (fever).
This contamination, which can sometimes cause death, is caused by a parasite called Toxoplasma gondii. This parasite is spread mainly by cats. Cats infected with the parasite transmit the disease through faeces or other animals. In general, human beings develop this parasite when they touch their mouths with their hands without washing them thoroughly after treating their cats’ bed, or by eating undercooked meat, sheep or deer.
After exposure, this parasite spreads to all parts of the body, including the heart, eyes and lungs. Toxoplasmosis may be exacerbated in people with HIV / AIDS and develop into Encephalitis. Its symptoms include spatial disorientation, spatial disorientation, convulsions, and difficulties in walking and speaking.
Contamination caused by a parasite is usually present in the intestines of different animals. It is generally transmitted after consuming water or food contaminated with the parasite. The parasite develops in the organs and the bile ducts (biliary ducts), causing acute and chronic diarrhoea in people who are HIV-positive or infected.
It is a cancerous tumour that arises and develops on the walls of blood vessels. Although this type of cancer is rare among people who are not HIV-positive, it is very prevalent among HIV-positive people. This type of cancer generally appears as purple to red spots on the skin and in the oral cavity. These patches appear dark brown or black in people with darker skin. Kaposi’s sarcoma can also affect internal organs, including the digestive system and lungs. Scientists are still looking for new combinations of chemotherapy drugs to treat this type of cancer, while also looking for new ways to give them. Besides, as with most opportunistic infections related to AIDS, antiretroviral use has reduced the prevalence of this type of cancer and reduced the number and extent of visible wounds in people who have contracted it.
Non – Hodgkin’s lymphoma
The source of this cancer is in lymphocytes (lymphocytes), which are a type of white blood cell. Lymphocytes are concentrated in the marrow (bone marrow – Bone marrow), lymph nodes, spleen, digestive system and skin. This lymphoma begins in the lymph nodes, usually, although it can start in any organ of the body. Their primary symptoms include: bloating, uncomplicated, in the lymph nodes in the neck area, in the armpit or the groin.
Weight loss (Wasting Syndrome): The adoption of strict treatment programs led to the reduction of weight loss in AIDS patients, but this symptom still affects many patients. Weight loss is defined as the loss of more than 10% of body weight, often accompanied by diarrhoea, chronic weakness and high body temperature.
Neurological complications: Although AIDS does not attack neurons, it can lead to neurological complications, such as confusion, memory loss, behavioural changes, depression, anxiety, and walking difficulties. One of the most common neurological symptoms is dementia, which leads to behavioural changes and limits brain functioning. Treatment is, in general, antiretroviral drugs.
Diagnosis of Aids illness
AIDS is diagnosed by a blood test or a mucous membrane in the mouth to detect whether there are antibodies to HIV. Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States of America recommends that AIDS tests be conducted for adolescents and adults between the ages of 13 and 64 as part of routine medical examinations. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that at least once a year, every person belonging to any of the above risk groups be screened for AIDS. Unfortunately, HIV tests do not produce completely accurate results when they are performed immediately after exposure to HIV because the human body needs time to develop appropriate antibodies to HIV. It may take at least 12 weeks from the moment of exposure to HIV infection. In rare cases, it may take as long as six months or longer to detect the presence of HIV in the body.
Tests that enable the diagnosis of AIDS
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay – ELISA and Western Blot Test For many years, the only available test for HIV antibody in the body was ELISA, which detects HIV antibodies in a blood sample taken from the person concerned. If the test results are positive, i.e., the presence of HIV antibodies in the blood, the test is performed again. If the results are positive in the repeated analysis (the second time), too, the person in question will have to undergo an additional blood test called the Western Blot Test, which examines the presence of HIV proteins in the blood.
Western blot test The Western Blot Test is especially essential in the diagnosis of AIDS because the blood may contain antibodies that are not HIV antibodies, but they can confuse the results of the ELISA test and give a positive outcome, while in fact, it is a false one. The appropriate use of these tests allowed for accurate results to be obtained. The diagnosis of AIDS, which confirms the HIV load, was considered final and reliable only after positive results were obtained in the three tests detailed above. However, the major drawback of these tests is the need to wait for two weeks to get the results of all three tests, which may cost a high psychological price and may lead to the person does not return to the clinic for the consequences of experiments.
Quick Checks: Today, many rapid tests give accurate and reliable results in about 20 minutes. The purpose of these tests is to detect the presence of HIV antibodies in the blood or fluid in the upper or lower gums, after taking samples from them. An examination from oral fluids gives accurate results, just as precise as a blood test, and even takes the trouble of taking blood. However, when a positive test is obtained, a blood test is required to confirm the result. Because these tests are relatively recent, they were initially approved in only a limited number of qualified laboratories, so, likely, they will not be available everywhere.
Home Tests: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently authorised the use of a kit for home screening for AIDS. The Home Access HIV – 1 Test is marketed by a company called Home Access Health. This test is as accurate as of the laboratory test. All positive results obtained in this examination are subject to further investigation. Unlike home screening for pregnancy detection, the results of HIV home screening are not self-analysed. Instead, the person in question has to send a blood sample to the laboratory and then call a few days later to get the test results. This method ensures privacy, as the person with the scan is identified by the code number on each of the kit. The main shortcoming in this method is that the person under examination does not receive the direct personal advice that he or she would have had when he went to the attending physician or clinic, although he was offered to be referred to medical or social services.
Regardless of the specific test that a person chooses to undergo, an examination that determines to suffer, if he or she is found to be HIV positive, he or she must first notify his / her partner immediately, so that he or she may also be screened and take the necessary preventive measures. If a person has a positive result showing that he or she is HIV-positive, his or her physician can help you to estimate the expected stages of the development of AIDS, as this test indicates the number of viruses in the blood (viral load). Research has shown that people with high viral loads get sicker than people with low viral loads. Viral load tests are also conducted to determine when and when drug therapy will begin.
Prevention of Aids Diseases
To date, there is no effective vaccine to prevent HIV infection, and there is still no cure for AIDS. But everyone can protect themselves and others from HIV / AIDS by studying AIDS, understanding its causes and refraining from anything that could expose them to HIV-contaminated secretions, such as blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. People without HIV / AIDS may benefit from the following HIV prevention and prevention tips:
- Self-awareness and guidance for others.
- Awareness of the status of the partner in any sexual relationship concerning HIV / AIDS.
- The need for a new condom (Condom) when establishing a sexual relationship.
- Examination of circumcision (male).
- The need to use clean injections.
- Use extreme caution when dealing with blood products from certain countries.
- We are conducting tests to detect the disease periodically and steadily.
- Stay away from indifference.
Ways to prevent transmission
For people who are HIV-positive or HIV-positive, the following tips may help prevent HIV transmission to others:
- The need for safe sex (preventive means) only.
- The need to inform the partner about the fact of pregnancy for HIV.
- If the partner is pregnant, she should be told about the fact that she is HIV-positive.
- The need to inform people who are essential to know the truth.
- Refrain from using needles, syringes or other injection tools.
- Refrain from donating blood or donating organs.
- Refrain from using razors or toothbrushes of others.
- In the case of pregnancy, immediate medical treatment should be sought.
Treatment of Aids infirmity
When HIV was first discovered in the 80s of the last century, few drugs were available to treat HIV and the associated infections/infections. Since then, many drugs have been developed to treat HIV, AIDS and opportunistic infections associated with it. These types of AIDS treatment have helped many people, including children, and raised their quality of life. Researchers at the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) estimate that cure of HIV / AIDS and antiretroviral drugs are given to patients with AIDS in the United States since 1989 have given them a few years more life expectancies.
But none of these drugs is a panacea, and many have severe side effects and are very expensive. Moreover, the treatment of AIDS and the use of such medicines for many years, sometimes more than 20 years, lose their effectiveness and efficiency because many of the patients infected with AIDS develop tolerance and resistance are no longer affected by it. In light of this, research is underway to develop and produce new drugs that can help these AIDS patients.
Guidelines for the treatment of AIDS
A leading group of AIDS researchers has been drafting a list of recommendations for AIDS patients, including guidance on the treatment of HIV. These recommendations are based on the best information available at the time of writing the proposals. AIDSinfo – is a public health service program in the United States that aims to update, update and improve these recommendations according to the latest AIDS information. According to the current list of recommendations, AIDS treatment should focus on suppressing and hiding AIDS symptoms for as long as possible.
This offensive approach is known as “Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).” The goal of the HAART program is to reduce the number of viruses in the patient’s blood to a minimum that can not even be detected or detected, although this does not mean the disappearance of AIDS from the blood completely and permanently. This result can be achieved by combining three or more drugs. The recommendations of AIDS treatment put the issue of quality of life in mind. If someone is infected with HIV or AIDS, it is vital to be a competent partner in making decisions about measures and steps to treat AIDS. He should discuss AIDS treatment programs before him with his physician to assess the risks and benefits of each of the proposed treatments for AIDS, until a wise and informed decision on AIDS treatment, which may be complex and protracted, can be reached.
Aids disease medications
Antiretroviral drugs inhibit the growth and reproduction of HIV at various stages of its life cycle. These drugs are available in seven different groups:
- Nucleoside analogue reverse – transcription inhibitors – NARTIs or NRTIs.
- Protease inhibitors (Proteaseinhibitors – PIs).
- Non-nucleosidereverse – transcriptase inhibitors – NNRTIs.
- Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (Nucleosidereverse – transcriptase inhibitors – NtRTIs).
- Fusion inhibitors.
- Integrated enzyme inhibitors (Integrase inhibitos).
- Chemokine co – receptor inhibitors.