Table of Contents
Arrhythmia Disease, find out about Arrhythmia Diseases, causes and factors of Arrhythmia illness, symptoms & diagnosis of Arrhythmia Diseases.
Arrhythmia (heart arrhythmia) Any unusual, or untimely, the pulse is a heart rhythm disorder. Arrhythmia may be accompanied by abnormal heart rhythms (fast pulse, called tachyarrhythmia, or slow pulse, called bradyarrhythmia). Arrhythmias are a very common cause of hospitalization (hospitalization). Arrhythmia is one of the most common diseases of the circulatory system.
Types of heart rhythm disturbance:
There are many different types of heart rhythm disorder:
- Premature atrial contraction (PAC): An additional, additional contraction, originating from premature atrial contraction. This condition is simple and does not cause clinical complications.
- Premature ventricular contraction (PVC): is the most prevalent type of arrhythmias. This condition occurs in people with heart disease as well as in people without any known heart disease. This condition can be caused by stress, caffeine or nicotine consumption or intense effort.
Sometimes a heart rhythm disorder may also be caused by an imbalance of electrolytes in the blood or conduction disorders in the heart’s electrical system. People with a large number of premature ventricular contractions, or people with clinical signs and symptoms, should undergo a thorough evaluation and evaluation of cardiac performance. It is important to note that most cases do not require any medical treatment.
- Atrial fibrillation: A common condition in which the atrium contracts very quickly and is often ineffective.
- Atrial flutter is a more systematic and regular condition than atrial fibrillation. This condition often occurs in heart patients or people who have undergone heart surgery. But this condition may develop into atrial fibrillation.
- Supraventricular tachycardia: rapid pulse, generally at a regular pace. The arrhythmia gets seizures and comes from the upper side of the ventricular heart. This condition may result from an extra and abnormal conduction path from the atrium to the ventricle, or from an additional conduction circuit within the atrioventricular node (av node).
- Ventricular tachycardia: A rapid pulse originating from the ventricles. The umbilical pulse prevents the heart from emptying its content properly into the arteries, leading to a sharp decrease in cardiac output and cardiac output. This condition is a very serious arrhythmia and its source, most often, various heart diseases.
- Ventricular fibrillation: A very serious emergency. The ventricles do not contract as they should, because there are multiple sources of electrical stimulation from the ventricle. Cardiac output in such a situation is zero, and this condition must be addressed urgently, by resuscitation and defibrillation.
- Long QT syndrome: In this case, the time required for the heart to contract and relax is longer than normal and normal. This condition increases the risk of torsade de pointes – a condition that is life-threatening, a type of ventricular tachycardia.
- Slow arrhythmias (Bradyarrhythmia): A combination of arrhythmias combined with slow cardiac systems. These are often caused by problems with the electrical conduction device in the heart.
Common types are heart block (total / partial) and problems with the performance of the sinoatrial node (SA node).
Symptoms of Arrhythmia Disease
Although heart rhythm disorder may be asymptomatic and/or asymptomatic, common symptoms are:
- Palpitation: A feeling that the heart is beating too fast or that one of the beats has decreased.
- Feeling blows to the chest.
- hard breathing.
- Chest pain that causes discomfort.
- Weakness and exhaustion.
Causes and factors of Arrhythmia Diseases
Heart rhythm disorder may be caused by many factors:
- Diseases of the coronary arteries that provide the heart with blood.
- Disturbances in the concentration of salts in the blood (especially potassium, sodium and magnesium).
- Diseases that cause changes in the heart muscle.
- Subsequent cases of a heart attack or myocardial infarction.
- Stages of healing and scars resulting from heart surgery or invasive procedures in the heart.
Complications of Arrhythmia Disease
- Antiarrhythmic drugs: These drugs control and control the heart rhythm, channels of ions in the heart muscle and the electrical conduction device. These drugs are classified according to the type of ion channels that affect them and according to the stages of contraction affecting them.
- Anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents: These drugs prevent blood clots from forming when the heart and ears do not function normally. The goal of these drugs is to prevent clots, such as a stroke.
Cardioversion: Atrial fibrillation can be removed by using an electrical device that causes an electric shock to the chest wall. This treatment is performed, mostly, under misting or anaesthesia.
Artificial pacemaker: In cases of severe and serious arrhythmias, especially arrhythmias accompanied by a slow heartbeat, an artificial pacemaker (pacemaker), temporary or fixed (permanent) is implanted. The aim of this device is to maintain adequate cardiac systems to achieve the necessary cardiac output.
Cardiovascular Defibrillator (ICD – Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator): A smart device that is implanted in the patient’s body and electrically attached to the heart muscle. This device feels the presence of severe systemic disorders, such as ventricular disorders, and removes fibrillation to return the ventricles to a state of balance and regular work.
Catheter ablation: Electrocardiography of the heart muscle, especially in the atria to eliminate improper conduction pathways. Incineration is done by electrodes (electrodes) through the catheter.
Destination Surgeries during which certain operations are performed in the heart muscle, the purpose of which is to eliminate improper conduction paths in the heart (such as maze surgery – maze) or surgeries to treat a basic heart disease that causes disorders in the heart rhythm.
Diagnosis of Arrhythmia illness
As mentioned above, heart rhythm disorder is a very widespread phenomenon. Cardiac arrhythmias can be easily diagnosed in mass clinics, by simple means. For better investigation and to determine the source of the problem, basic tests can be performed, including:
- Electrocardiogram (ECG – Electrocardiogram).
- Ambulatory electrocardiography device: It records electrode signals for many hours. It is a good examination for the diagnosis of seizure heart rhythm disorders.
- Stress Tests (Stress tests): Physical plus with registration of electrocardiogram variables.
- Echocardiogram and ultrasound/ultrasound imaging.
- Cardiac catheterization: Cardiac catheterization is intended only for diagnostic catheterization, not for therapeutic catheterization procedures commonly used in the treatment of narrowing or blockages in coronary arteries.
- Electrophysiology: A highly sensitive test for the diagnosis of arrhythmias.
Prevention of Arrhythmia Disease
Changes in lifestyle can prevent or mitigate systemic disturbances:
- Smoking cessation is of paramount importance.
- Reduce alcohol intake.
- Reduce caffeine consumption.
- Avoid activities that cause symptoms (for example, refrain from excessive physical exertion).
Treatment of Arrhythmia Diseases
As mentioned above, a large proportion of cases of arrhythmias do not cause any symptoms or signs, and these cases do not need treatment. Serious and serious cases can be treated with anti-arrhythmic drugs or unfair therapeutic methods.
Arrhythmia disease medications
Certain medications can aggravate and worsen heart rhythm disturbances (including over-the-counter medications, such as colds).