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Bacteremia Disease, find out about Bacteremia Diseases, causes and factors of Bacteremia illness, symptoms & diagnosis of Bacteremia Diseases.
About Bacteremia disease
Blood pollution (bacteremia) is the entry of germs into the bloodstream. Blood is a sterile liquid, so the entry of viruses into the bloodstream can adversely affect human health. Bacteremia is one of the most common diseases of the circulatory system.
There is a difference to be observed between the condition in which the body’s natural immune system eliminates infection and re-sterilises the blood, and the situation in which the germs in the bloodstream trigger a sizeable inflammatory reaction and sepsis. Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that requires hospitalisation and immediate treatment. This should be avoided by providing early treatment for bacteremia before it develops into sepsis.
There is a risk of germs in the blood moving to different areas of the body and settling in them and causing certain diseases such as the emergence of abscess (abscess) in one organ, inflammation of the inner part of the heart called endocarditis (inflammation of the endocarditis), osteomyelitis (osteomyelitis) and others.
Bacteremia is a widespread phenomenon. About half a million people are reported to have bacteremia every year in the United States. Certain groups of the population at high risk of bacteremia are infants, the elderly, AIDS patients, splenectomy patients and cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. The more severe the immune system, the higher the risk of bacteremia. There are several different causes of bacteremia, including gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Gram stain helps determine the right combination. This determination is of great importance in the appropriateness of antibiotic therapy.
Often the source of germs, the internal organs of the body. In other cases, it is the result of an infection from an external source (such as the skin), and it is also essential to indicate the tendency of germs to settle on artificial patches (graft) such as catheter tube (plastic or silicon tubes that remain in the body for therapeutic purposes): artificial heart, Pacemaker, Bone grafts and more.
A particular group, most susceptible to bacteremia, includes people who inject drugs because they often enter germs directly into their bodies through non-sterile injection techniques. Bacteremia also occurs at a high rate among burn victims, since bacteremia is a common cause of illness and death.
Symptoms of Bacteremia Disease
The early signs of bacteremia are general pathological symptoms: sick general feeling, weakness, fatigue, confusion, nausea, vomiting and hyperventilation. In advanced stages, other symptoms can appear such as fever, chills, sweating, and also restlessness as a result of hypothermia, hypotension and shock. These conditions are usually accompanied by very high rates of illness and death, which requires immediate and intensive treatment. Chills that occur in these cases are typically accompanied by the appearance of crackling in the teeth. In severe cases, with increased heart rate and breathing, skin rashes and blood clotting problems can occur, as well as a systemic failure.
Causes and factors of Bacteremia Diseases
Complications of Bacteremia Disease
Diagnosis of Bacteremia illness
The diagnosis depends on finding germs in the blood culture. However, doctors tend to start antibiotic treatment before obtaining the results of the literature because of the risk of deterioration of the patient’s condition if he did not receive treatment at an early stage. In some cases, germs grow in the culture as a result of local infection or non-sterile culture of the culture, rather than the presence of viruses in the bloodstream (this is called false bacteremia). Bacteria can now be transplanted into aerial (anaerobic) and anaerobic (anaerobic) dishes.
Prevention of Bacteremia Diseases
Treatment of Bacteremia infirmity
Bacteremia is mainly treated with antibiotics. Initially, empirical antibiotics are given based on an estimate of the source of the infection (e.g. urinary tract, gallbladder cyst, lungs), but after obtaining the results of the culture, treatment can be altered and adapted to the results of the antibiotic test (antibiogram). Germs for different antibiotics).
Laboratory tests and the patient’s clinical condition will help to see how the patient’s body responds to the treatment or whether there is a need to change the medication. In the event of abscess or foreign body abscess, surgery should be considered to remove the germ mass. Early intervention and systemic therapy help control infection, but it should always be remembered that bacteremia leads to high morbidity and mortality.