Table of Contents
Heart Disease, find out about Heart Diseases, causes and factors of Heart illness, symptoms & diagnosis of Heart Diseases.
About Heart disease
Heart disease (heart illness) may affect any function of the heart and any parts of the heart, the most common heart disease is coronary syndrome (or: Coronary syndrome – Coronary syndrome) in various forms and manifestations. Coronary blood vessels are blood vessels scattered on the outer side of the heart muscle and function to deliver blood to the heart itself. Heart malady is one of the most common diseases of the circulatory system.
When does heart Diseases occur?
When there is a hardening process (accumulation of a mixture of calcium and fat) within the coronary blood vessels, or when constriction occurs in these blood vessels, it is possible to narrow the cavity, which impedes the delivery of blood to the heart muscle. Any damage to the heart muscle or its ability to contract can cause a temporary or sustained decline in the ability of the heart to contract.
When the heart’s ability to contract is impaired, there is a decrease in blood pumping to vital organs. This narrowing of blood vessels causes angina pectoris. If permanent damage to the heart muscle occurs, myocardial infarction is generated. A person suffering from angina or myocardial infarction may experience pain or pressure on the chest wall, sometimes accompanied by sweating, suffocation, shortness of breath, nausea, and a feeling of overall kidney weakness. This situation constitutes an emergency requiring urgent medical intervention.
Treatment options in such cases are numerous and varied, such as drug therapy or catheterization aimed at opening and enlarging closed blood vessels. But the best option, in this case, is prevention such as not smoking, maintaining a balance of blood lipid levels, physical activity. Sometimes it may be necessary to transfer the patient to the operating room for a coronary artery bypass graft. This surgery can be performed quickly as emergency surgery, or as a pre-planned operation based on the results of various tests requiring surgical intervention. The heart muscle may become infected by an infectious heart disease caused by viruses, by immune system interactions, or by alcohol and drug use.
Explain about the heart
There are four valves in the heart, each of which can be damaged and malfunctioning. The main disorders in the functioning of the heart valves are classified into two groups:
- Stenosis of the heart valve: It affects the ability to pump and move blood between different parts (chambers) of the heart, which requires more pressure in the pumping of blood in order to reach the normal level normally pumped by the heart.
- Heart valve expansion: Blood flow continues even while the heart valve is supposed to block blood flow, completely.
The widened heart valve can be likened to a water tap, while the narrowing heart valve can be likened to a water tap that does not fully open. At the heart is a conduction system responsible for transmitting electrical signals that stimulate heart contractions, regulating the timing of contractions and regulating the relationship between ventricular contractions and atrial contractions. Heart disease in the heart valves can be congenital (congenital disease) and heart murmur is expected to be heard when listening to the sound of the heart. They may be acquired as a result of various infectious heart diseases that cause damage, directly or indirectly, to heart valves.
Well atherosclerosis, too, can cause damage to the heart valves. The signs and symptoms of heart disease in the valves are: dyspnea, decreased physical fitness, increased fatigue, coronary syndrome, arrhythmia and frequent fainting. When a certain type of heart disease is suspected, you should contact your family doctor or an internal medicine specialist. Sometimes, according to different data, it may also be necessary to consult a cardiologist.
Symptoms of Heart Disease
Symptoms of heart disease vary according to the disease, as follows: