Table of Contents
High Blood Cholesterol, find out about High Cholesterol disease, causes and factors of High cholesterol, symptoms & diagnosis of High Blood Cholesterol.
About High Blood Cholesterol disease
Cholesterol is a compound found in every cell in the body, and the body uses it to build new and healthy cells and to produce necessary hormones. If the level of cholesterol in the blood is high, this means that fatty deposits will form within the walls of blood vessels, and these deposits will eventually block the flow of blood in the arteries.
High cholesterol levels result in the body not getting the oxygen-rich blood it needs, which will increase your risk of a heart attack. Inadequate blood supply to the brain may lead to cerebral stroke. High cholesterol level is one of the most common diseases of the circulatory system.
High cholesterol level in the body affects by Blood will not get the oxygen-rich blood it needs, which will increase your risk of a heart attack. Inadequate blood supply to the brain may lead to cerebral stroke.
Symptoms of High Cholesterol
There are no symptoms of cholesterol or signs of hypercholesterolemia. A blood test can only detect high cholesterol values.
Causes and factors of High Cholesterol
Cholesterol moves in blood vessels by binding to specific proteins in the blood. This fusion of proteins and cholesterol called in the medical language “lipoprotein”.
Types of cholesterol:
There are three different types of cholesterol, depending on the kind of cholesterol carried on the lipoprotein:
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL):
It transports cholesterol molecules into the body. LDL cholesterol builds upon the walls of the arteries, making them more reliable and narrower.
Very – low – density lipoprotein – VLDL:
This type of lipoprotein contains the most significant amount of triglycerides. A variety of fat (lipids) linked to proteins in the blood. Cholesterol molecules accumulate and make them larger, leading to narrowing of blood vessels.
If you are taking medications to lower your cholesterol level, but your blood test results show a high level of VLDL, you probably need additional medication to lower your VLDL cholesterol level, because VLDL is very rich in triglycerides.
High-density lipoprotein (HDL):
It collects excess cholesterol and returns it to the liver.
Factors under control affect cholesterol
Many factors under your control contribute to the increase of LDL cholesterol on the one hand and to reduce the proportion of good cholesterol – HDL on the other hand, the most important of which are:
- Lack of physical activity
- Improper and unbalanced feeding.
Factors are not under the control
Other factors that are not under your monitor may be an additional factor in determining your cholesterol level, such as
Genetic factors: It can prevent body cells from effectively eliminating excess LDL cholesterol in the blood or cause the liver to produce excess amounts of cholesterol. If you belong to a risk group: you are more likely to have elevated cholesterol levels that can lead to heart disease.
These groups are:
- Smoking: Smoking cigarettes harm the walls of blood vessels and become more susceptible to accumulate fatty deposits within them. Besides, smoking can lower HDL cholesterol levels.
- Excess weight: If the body mass index (BMI) is higher than 30, the risk of high cholesterol is also higher.
- Malnutrition: Cholesterol-rich foods, such as red meat and fat-rich milk products, raise your total cholesterol level. Eating wet foods (from animals) and trans fats (available in processed foods such as cakes and chips) can lead to high cholesterol levels.
- Lack of physical activity: Physical activity helps the body raise HDL cholesterol and lower LDL cholesterol. Lack of adequate physical activity increases the risk of high cholesterol level.
- High blood pressure: High blood pressure on the walls of the arteries damages the arteries, which can accelerate the process of accumulation of fatty deposits within them.
- Diabetes: High blood sugar levels lead to high LDL cholesterol values and lower HDL cholesterol values. High blood sugar levels can damage internal arteries.
- Patients in the family: If a parent or sibling has had heart disease before the age of 50, high cholesterol levels raise the risk of heart disease beyond the general average.
Complications of High Cholesterol
High levels of cholesterol can lead to infection with atherosclerosis (atherosclerosis), which is a dangerous accumulation of cholesterol and other deposits on the walls of the arteries. These plaques, called plaques, may reduce the amount of blood flowing into the arteries. If the affected arteries deliver blood to the heart (coronary arteries), angina in the chest and other symptoms of atherosclerosis are likely.
If the plaque from the walls of the arteries torn or removed, it can produce a blood clot at the site of the rupture. Which may interfere with blood flow or the clot may separate and block another artery. Stopping the blood supply to the heart leads to a heart attack. Stopping blood supply to the brain leads to cerebral stroke.
Diagnosis of High Blood Cholesterol
A blood test that measures the level of cholesterol in the blood ( lipid profile ) called a lipids panel, usually shows:
- Total cholesterol level.
- LDL cholesterol level – LDL cholesterol.
- HDL cholesterol level – good cholesterol.
- Triglyceride level – a type of fat found in the blood.
Screening tests for abnormalities in cholesterol levels in the Medical body screening for abnormalities is crucial not only to detect people in need of treatment to lower their fat level but also to take advantage of various medical interventions aimed at reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Patients are considered to be at the highest level of risk. If they have more than one risk factor (hypertension, smoking and family history) or a single risk factor of an acute nature. Doctors can then judge who should undergo a medical examination based on other risk factors such as age and gender:
In primary prevention of patients with the highest risk of infection: Doctors propose a medical analysis to detect cases of fat abnormalities starting from the age of 25 for male patients, and the age of 35 for female patients.
In primary prevention for patients who are not at higher risk of infection: Doctors suggest a medical examination for gross abnormalities from the age of 35 for male patients and the age of 45 for female patients.
Early or late initiation of a medical examination may be appropriate for patients, depending on the individual willingness to start treatment with statins and aspirin with the possibility of an absolute reduction in the risk of infection — cardiovascular disease.
Prevention of High Blood Cholesterol
Change in lifestyle is necessary to achieve improvement in cholesterol levels. To lower cholesterol values in your body, you should:
- Exercise: Exercise regularly daily.
- Quitting smoking: Avoiding all tobacco products can reduce your risk of high cholesterol.
- Reduce weight: Get rid of excess pounds.
- Eat healthily: The food you eat has a direct effect on your cholesterol level. Scientists say that diets high in dietary fibre and other foods known as low cholesterol levels are almost as effective as statins in lowering cholesterol levels.
- Healthy Foods: Choose a variety of healthy foods.
- Avoid foods high in trans fats: Avoid eating foods that contain trans fats (trance).
- Limit cholesterol-rich food: The goal is not to exceed 300 milligrams of cholesterol per day, or less than 200 milligrams a day if you have heart disease.
- Choose whole-wheat foods: Many substances in whole wheat help keep your heart healthy.
- Vegetables and fruits: Make sure to consume different types of vegetables and fruits.
- Consider healthy fish: Many types of fish, such as cod, tuna and flounder have low levels of fat and moderate amounts of saturated fat and cholesterol, compared to meat and chicken.
Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol
Making lifestyle changes (such as permanently doing the physical activity) and maintaining a healthy and balanced diet are the first two steps necessary during the treatment of high cholesterol. However, if you make these critical changes in your lifestyle and yet your total cholesterol level, particularly LDL-LDL cholesterol, is still high. Your doctor may recommend medication. Choosing the right prescription or combining several types of medication to treat cholesterol depends on several factors. Including your risk factors, your age, your current health status and possible side effects.
Common and acceptable cholesterol medications include:
- Statins are the most common medicine today to treat cholesterol and to lower the level of cholesterol in the blood.
- Drugs that bile acids (Bile – acid-binding resins): The liver uses cholesterol to produce bile (the gall bladder), which is necessary for digestion in the body.
- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors: The small intestine absorbs the cholesterol in food and releases it into the bloodstream.
- Mixing of medicines: especially those that block the absorption of cholesterol and statins.
If your triglyceride levels are high, your preferred cholesterol treatment may be:
- Fibrates: Lofibra, TriCorfenofibrate, Lopid and gemfibrozil reduce triglyceride levels by reducing the production of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL). And by accelerating the elimination of triglycerides Of blood. Cholesterol VLDL contains the bulk of triglycerides.
- Niacin reduces triglyceride levels by decreasing the liver’s ability to produce LDL cholesterol and VLDL cholesterol.
- Combination of niacin and statin: If your doctor advises you to take niacin, in addition to a statin, you can ask about the possibility of taking one drug containing a combination of the two compounds together, such as Simcor or Advisor.
The majority of these drugs do not have serious side effects, but their effectiveness varies from person to person.
Side effects of high cholesterol medications
Common side effects are:
- Muscle aches.
- Abdominal pain.
If you decide to take medications to treat hypercholesterolemia, your doctor may recommend that you undergo regular liver function tests to examine the effects of these drugs on your liver.
Alternative treatments of High Blood Cholesterol
Although few natural products are effective in lowering cholesterol levels, these products are effective. If your doctor agrees, it is possible to examine the following alternatives to lower your cholesterol level:
- Artichoke (artichoke).
- Blond Psyllium.
- Oat bran.