High Blood Pressure disease, find out about High Blood Pressure disease, causes and factors of High Blood Pressure, symptoms & diagnosis of High Blood Pressure.

About High Blood Pressure disease

Some people have been suffering from high blood pressure for years without feeling any symptoms. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases the risk of severe health problems, such as heart attack and stroke. High blood pressure often develops over many years, and eventually, it appears in almost all people. Fortunately, the disease is straightforward to detect, so it is possible to control it with the help of doctors. High Blood Pressure is one of the most common diseases of the circulatory system.

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Most people who experience high blood pressure do not show symptoms, as are high blood pressure values that are dangerous. When a section of patients appears, in the initial stages of the disease, the following symptoms:

      • Mild headaches.
      • Dizziness.
      • Or unusual bleeding from the nose.

But these symptoms and signs usually appear when the disease reaches a more advanced stage, to the extent that it poses a danger to life.

Causes and Factors of High Blood Pressure

There are two types of hypertension:

      • Primary hypertension (major): In 90% – 95% of cases in adults, its cause cannot be defined. This species tends to evolve gradually, over many years.
      • Secondary hypertension: In the remaining 5% – 10%, this type is generated as a result of another disease.

Several diseases and medications are among the leading causes of secondary hypertension, including:

      • Kidney disease.
      • Tumours of the adrenal gland.
      • Certain congenital heart defects.
      • Certain medications such as birth control pills, colds, decongestants.
      • Over-the-counter pain relievers and several over-the-counter medications.
      • Drugs such as cocaine and amphetamine (neuro stimulant – Amphetamine).

Risk factors of Blood Pressure:

Several factors increase your risk of developing hypertension, some of which are uncontrollable, including:

      • Age: The risk of developing the disease increases with age. At the beginning of middle age, the disease is more common among men. Women tend to develop the menopausal disease (menopause).
      • Family history: Hypertension tends to be genetically transmitted.

Other additional controllable risk factors:

They are:

  • Obesity: The higher the weight, the more blood it needs to be able to deliver oxygen and nutrients to different body tissues. The larger the amount of blood flowing into the blood vessels, the greater the pressure on the walls of the arteries.
  • Lack of physical activity: The frequency of cardiac work in people who are not physically active is higher than in those who exercise it. The faster the heart is functioning, the greater the heart needs to work harder at each contraction, increasing the pressure on the arteries. In addition, lack of physical activity increases the risk of obesity.
  • Smoking: Tobacco smoking raises blood pressure immediately and temporarily. In addition, chemicals in tobacco may damage the walls of the arteries. As a result, arteries may become narrower, leading to high blood pressure.
  • Nutritional intake of salt (sodium): The presence of a very large amount of table salt (sodium) in the diet may lead to retention of fluid in the body, which causes high blood pressure.
  • Low Potassium Nutrition: Potassium helps to balance the sodium level in cells. When enough potassium is not consumed or stored, this may result in the accumulation of too much sodium in the blood.
  • Low vitamin D nutrition: It is unclear whether nutritionally deficient in vitamin D can cause hypertension. Researchers believe that vitamin D can affect an enzyme produced by the kidneys and affect blood pressure.
  • Alcohol intake: Alcohol can cause hormones to produce high blood pressure and increase heart rate.
  • Tension: High levels of tension lead to a temporary but dramatic rise. Attempts to relax by eating too much, smoking tobacco or drinking alcohol may complicate blood pressure problems.
  • Chronic diseases: Some chronic diseases (including high cholesterol, diabetes, insomnia and kidney disease) may increase the risk of hypertension.
  • Sometimes pregnancy is a factor in high blood pressure.

Hypertension is mainly prevalent among adults, but children may also be at risk.

Hypertension in some children develops as a result of kidney or heart problems. But a large and growing number of children are at risk of developing hypertension as a result of poor lifestyle habits, such as improper and unhealthy nutrition and lack of physical activity.

Complications of High Blood Pressure

Excess blood pressure on the walls of the arteries can cause damage to blood vessels and other organs in the body. The higher your blood pressure, the higher your treatment remains untreated for a long time, the greater the damage.

Failure to treat High Blood Pressure disease can lead to:

      • Damage to blood vessels.
      • Aneurysm (local aneurysm).
      • Cardiac arrest.
      • Blockage or rupture of blood vessels in the brain.
      • Weakness and narrowing of blood vessels in the kidneys.
      • Condensation, stenosis or blood vessels in the eyes.
      • Memory or comprehension problems.

Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood pumped by the heart and by the level of arterial blood flow resistance. The more blood the heart pumps and the narrower the arteries, the higher the blood pressure.

Blood pressure measurement

To detect and treat hypertension, blood pressure is measured by a special device consisting of a swollen bracelet wrapped around the arm (to reduce blood flow), a mercury mechanical pressure gauge, a blower and a control valve.

The measurement results shall be in mm Hg (mm Hg). These results include two values (two numbers):

      • The first number, or higher, measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart muscle contracts while it beats (Systolic Pressure).
      • The second, or lower, number – measures the pressure in the arteries between pulses (diastolic pressure).

Blood pressure measurement values

According to the latest baselines published in 2003 on blood pressure, the measurement values are divided into four broad groups:

      • Normal blood pressure: Blood pressure is considered normal when it is less than 80/120 mm Hg. However, some doctors say blood pressure at 75/115 mm Hg is preferable.
      • Prehypertension: when the systolic pressure is between 120 and 139 mm Hg, or when the diastolic pressure is between 80 and 89 mm Hg.
      • Stage 1 Hypertension: when the systolic pressure is between 140 and 159 mm Hg, or when the diastolic pressure is between 90 and 99 mm Hg.
      • Stage 2 Hypertension: when the systolic pressure is 160 mm Hg and more, or when the diastolic pressure is 100 mm Hg and more.

The two values (numbers, highest and lowest) in blood pressure measurement are important. But after the age of 50, systolic pressure becomes the most important. Systolic hypertension (ISH) – A condition in which diastolic pressure is normal, while systolic pressure is high. This condition is the most common type of hypertension among people over the age of 50 years.

Prevention of High Blood Pressure

Excess blood pressure on the walls of the arteries can cause damage to blood vessels and other organs in the body. The higher your blood pressure, the higher your treatment remains untreated for a long time, the greater the damage.

Failure to treat high blood pressure can lead to:

      • Damage to blood vessels.
      • Aneurysm (local aneurysm).
      • Cardiac arrest.
      • Blockage or rupture of blood vessels in the brain.
      • Weakness and narrowing of blood vessels in the kidneys.
      • Condensation, stenosis or blood vessels in the eyes.
      • Memory or comprehension problems.

Treatment of High Blood Pressure

Lifestyle changes can greatly help balance blood pressure. But lifestyle changes alone are sometimes not enough. In addition to physical activity and changing feeding habits, your doctor may also prescribe certain medications to lower your blood pressure.

Medications to treat blood pressure

Hypertension and treatment or treatment of high blood pressure recommended by the doctor related to the level of blood pressure in the patient and other medical problems he suffers. Among the recommended medicines:

      • Thiazide diuretics.
      • Beta-blocker blockers.
      • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE).
      • Angiotensin receptor blockers 2.
      • Calcium channel blockers.
      • Renin-inhibitors

In cases where hypertension cannot be controlled and treated with the help of the above-mentioned drugs, it is possible for the doctor to recommend the following drugs:

      • Alpha-blocker.
      • Alpha – Beta-blocker.
      • Vasodilators.

After successfully reaching the required blood pressure level, your doctor may recommend taking aspirin daily, to reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease (disorders of the cardiovascular system – cardiovascular disease). In order to reduce your daily dose, your doctor may incorporate several types of medications at a low dose, rather than one at a very high dose. In fact, taking two or more drugs at once is often more useful than taking one. Sometimes the ability to choose the most effective drug, or to combine the most beneficial drugs, is the outcome of trial and error.

Alternative treatments of High Blood Pressure:

Ensuring proper and proper nutrition and physical activity is the best way to treat high blood pressure. However, in addition, there are several food additives (supplements) that may help lower high blood pressure, including:

      • Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA).
      • Blond psyllium.
      • Calcium.
      • Cocoa.
      • Cod liver oil.
      • Coenzyme (Q-10).
      • Omega 3 fatty acids.
      • Garlic.

The best way to incorporate these substances into the diet is by eating foods rich in these substances, but they can also be consumed by taking them with tablets or capsules. It is recommended to consult a doctor before taking such supplements while receiving blood pressure treatment. Foods affect the effectiveness of medications and lead to harmful side effects. It is also possible to practice relaxation techniques, such as yoga or deep breathing, to achieve psychological calm and reduce stress. These relaxation methods may temporarily lower high blood pressure.

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