Table of Contents
Varicose Veins, find out about Varicose Veins disease, causes and factors of Varicose Veins disease, symptoms & diagnosis of Varicose Veins.
About Varicose Veins disease
Varicose veins are a condition in which the seams are keratinised and dilated. Varicose veins can appear in all threads in the body, but they mostly affect the veins of the legs, because walking and standing more prolonged increase the pressure on the veins of the lower body. For many people, varicose veins, a diffuse and mild type of varicose veins are just a cosmetic problem. For others, varicose veins can cause very severe aches and discomfort.
Varicose veins can sometimes lead to more severe complications and problems. In some cases, they pose a risk of other diseases related to blood flow in the body. Varicose veins treatment may be limited to methods and means of self-treatment or may require procedures carried out by the doctor to block or remove veins. Varicose Veins is one of the most common diseases of the circulatory system.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins
Mostly, varicose veins do not cause pain at all. Symptoms of varicose veins disease:
- Threads in blue or purple.
- Veins look twisted and swollen as if they were ropes on the legs.
Varicose veins may appear in different places on the legs, from the groin (the groin) to the ankle. When painful signs and symptoms appear, they may include:
- Feeling pain or heaviness in the legs.
- Burning, palpitations, muscle spasm and swelling in the lower legs.
- Increased pain after sitting or standing for long periods.
- I am itching around one or more veins.
- Ulcers in the skin near the ankle can indicate a severe vascular disease that requires medical treatment.
Spider veins are a condition similar to varicose veins, but smaller. Spider veins are closer to the skin, usually red or blue. They appear on the legs, usually, but they may also appear on the face. They appear in different sizes in different people and often look like a cobweb.
Causes and Factors of Varicose Veins
Arteries carry blood from the heart to other tissues in the body. Veins return blood from different parts of the body to the heart, and so blood can be restored (to be pumped, again, to different parts of the body). To return blood to the heart, veins of the legs must act against the force of gravity and the force of attraction.
Cramps in the muscles of the lower leg act like pumps, and the soft walls in the veins help blood return to the heart. The small valves in the veins open when blood flows to the heart and then close to prevent blood flowing backwards.
Common causes of varicose veins include:
- Age: As a person ages, the veins lose their elasticity, causing them to expand. Valves in the veins may become weaker, allowing blood that should flow to the heart, to turn back. Thus, the blood accumulates in the veins, which leads to their expansion and form varicose veins. Varicose veins appear blue because they contain blood lacking oxygen, is in the process of returning to the circulation (recirculation) through the lungs.
- Pregnancy: Varicose veins formed in some pregnant women. Pregnancy increases the volume of blood in the body but reduces its flow from the legs to the pelvis. This change in blood circulation is intended to support the growing fetus, but it may, however, cause an unfortunate side effect, the widening of the veins of the legs. Varicose veins may appear for the first time or may worsen late in pregnancy when the uterus puts more pressure on the veins in the legs. Hormonal changes during pregnancy may also play a role. Varicose veins that appear during pregnancy improve, usually, without any medical treatment, within three months after birth.
Causes that increase the risk of varicose veins:
- Age: Varicose veins often appear between the ages of 30-70 years, and the risk of developing them increases with age. Ageing causes the erosion and rupture of valves in the veins, which help regulate blood flow. Eventually, the corrosion of the pipes enables the blood to turn back into the veins, where it accumulates, rather than flowing into the heart.
- Gender: Women are more likely to have varicose veins than men. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, in pre-menstruation and menopause, i.e. post-menopause (also called menopause) – these changes can be catalysts. Female hormones tend to cause relaxation in the walls of veins. Taking hormone substitutes or birth control pills may increase the risk of varicose veins.
- Genetic factors: The risk of varicose veins increases in those who suffer from relatives.
- Excess Obesity: Excess weight puts additional pressure on the veins.
- Prolonged standing: Blood flow is less efficient when you stay in the same position for a long time.
Complications of Varicose Veins
Complications of varicose veins are rare but can include: ulcer and blood clots.
Diagnosis of Varicose Veins
To diagnose varicose veins, the doctor performs a physical examination that includes, also, monitoring the legs in the case of standing, to see if there is swelling. The doctor may also sometimes ask to describe what aches are in the legs. In some cases, an ultrasound may be required, which can check whether the valves in the veins are functioning normally, or if there is any evidence of thrombosis. When performing this invasive examination, you should lie on a bed. Apply a small amount of warm gel to the skin. With the help of the gel, air pockets between the transformer and the patient’s body prevented. During an ultrasound examination, a skilled ultrasound technician presses a small hand tool (transformer) into the area under investigation and moves from one area to another if necessary. Thus, the adapter transmits the image of the veins in the legs to a screen, which the technician and doctor can see.
Prevention of Varicose Veins
There is no way to prevent varicose veins completely. However, improving blood circulation and tightening muscles may reduce the risk of varicose veins or their proliferation. Home measures that help alleviate discomfort caused by varicose veins may also help prevent their appearance, including:
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Maintain a diet rich in fibre and low in salt.
- Avoid high-heeled shoes, socks and tight underwear.
- Lift the legs.
- Change the position of sitting or standing at a fast pace.
Treatment of Varicose Veins
Fortunately, varicose veins treatment does not usually require lying in a hospital or spending a long and uncomfortable recovery period — procedures easier than surgery, enabling the treatment of varicose veins in the outpatient.
Self-care, such as exercise, weight reduction, avoid wearing tight clothing, lifting legs and avoiding standing or sitting for long periods – can relieve pain and prevent aggravation of varicose veins. Also, the use of rubber socks (elastic stocking) may help to treat varicose veins.
Rubber Socks: Wearing rubber socks constitutes, often, the first step before any other treatment. These socks wor throughout the day, so that is wrapped around the leg and put pressure on them, which helps to push blood in the veins and muscles in the legs more efficiently. The degree of influence varies depending on the type of socks and brand. There are socks of different colours with different degrees of strength (pressure). In the market many kinds of rubber socks, so everyone can find comfortable and suitable socks for him.
Rubber socks can also purchase at most pharmacies and medical supplies shops. There are also rubber stockings by prescription. When buying rubber socks, you should make sure they are suitable for the leg. The patient or pharmacist can measure the leg, by measuring tape, to ensure the purchase of stockings of the right size. Rubber socks should be durable, but not tight and tight. People with weak hands or arthritis may find it difficult to wear such socks. There are individual devices that help wear socks.
If self-care and rubber socks have not helped to treat varicose veins or if the condition is more serious, your doctor may recommend one of the following treatments:
- Laser surgery.
- Catheter surgery.
- Hide veins.
- Intravenous surgery with non-binding bedding (Ambulatory Phlebectomy).
Varicose veins appear in pregnancy improve, in general, without the need for medical treatment of varicose veins, within three months after birth.
Alternative treatments of Veins:
Varicose veins treatment with desert chestnut seed extract (Aesculus) may be useful in chronic vein insufficiency (CVI), a disease associated with the appearance of varicose veins, as veins are unable to pump blood to the heart. Medicinal plants, too, can help reduce swelling and discomfort caused by the appearance of varicose veins. However, see your doctor before using Desert Chestnut Seed Extract, medicinal herbs or any other food product.
How to remove varicose veins?
10 natural ways to treat varicose veins at home.
- do exercises, (swimming, walking, cycling, yoga).
- compression stockings.
- plant extracts.
- dietary changes
- Eat more flavonoids
- Herbal remedies
- Choose non-restrictive clothing
- Keep the legs elevated
- Keep moving